DescriptionA battery of recorded spoofing scenarios has been compiled for evaluating civil Global Positioning System (GPS) signal authentication techniques. The battery can be considered the data component of an evolving standard meant to define the notion of spoof resistance for commercial GPS receivers. A description of the original TEXBAT, version 1.0, can be found here: T.E. Humphreys, J.A. Bhatti, D.P. Shepard, and K.D. Wesson, “The Texas Spoofing Test Battery: Toward a Standard for Evaluating GPS Signal Authentication Techniques,” Proc. ION GNSS, Nashville, TN, 2012. A. Lemmenes, P. Corbell, and S. Gunawardena, “Detailed Analysis of the TEXBAT Datasets Using a High Fidelity Software GPS Receiver“, Proc. ION GNSS+, Portland, OR, 2016.
Latest VersionTEXBAT 1.1 is the latest version of TEXBAT. TEXBAT 1.1 includes the original data sets from TEXBAT 1.0 and two new data sets, ds7.bin and ds8.bin, described below.
Data DownloadThe TEXBAT datasets can be download directly from UT here. If you have any difficulty downloading them, please send an email to Todd Humphreys. The md5sums of the files are: 7818159d734dcb731b443ca62cf1841f cleanDynamic.7z b2c0d49408a1a1b2f107a411561160d8 cleanStatic.7z 9303f1d9ff5679dd69fd8ca699091b4d ds1.7z db4a45a9a32dcc6aafc73924dce12efe ds2.7z 8f3fa6594d54998de002203febcc6bb6 ds3.7z 78dee92587c921ad4900b31a1b499003 ds4.7z 521c1716581741d5375ef09c3469fecc ds5.7z 31d23230ea968d5a90224baf4ba304c0 ds6.7z ab350a8f74602bb3ab93bba1cf2d8a4a ds7.bin 35f672b90c8f792bc3daa01495fe52e4 ds8.bin
ds7 and ds8Two additional data sets, ds7.bin and ds8.bin were added to TEXBAT in August 2015. The ds7.bin spoofing scenario is based on the cleanStatic.bin data set. It is a power-matched time-push scenario like ds3.bin but more subtle because it employs carrier phase alignment between the spoofing and authentic signals. The ds8.bin spoofing scenario is identical to the ds7.bin scenario except that the spoofer treats every received navigation data bit as if it were an unpredictable low-rate security code and attempts to guess the value of the data bit in real time. This is a zero-delay security code estimation and replay (SCER) attack. A complete, detailed description of the ds7 and ds8 spoofing scenarios is available here. Scenarios ds7 and ds8 are available through direct download from UT.
NotesA helper file to read in the binary files into Matlab is available here (author Logan Scott).
RNL uses the NI Record and Playback VI: “RF Record and Playback Reference Application“. You may need to increase the buffer size to allow real-time playback.
For reference, our NI equipment model numbers follow:
|RFSA: NI PXIe 5663||RFSG: NI PXIe 5673|
|NI PXI-5652: RF Signal Generator NI PXIe-5601: RF Downconverter NI PXIe-5622: 16-Bit IF Digitizer||NI PXIe-5450: 400 MS/s I/Q Signal Generator NI PXIe-5611: I/Q Vector Modulator NI PXI-5652: RF Signal Generator|
CreditUse of TEXBAT for research purposes is encouraged. If you use TEXBAT in developing an article or thesis, please reference the following paper: T.E. Humphreys, J.A. Bhatti, D.P. Shepard, and K.D. Wesson, “The Texas Spoofing Test Battery: Toward a Standard for Evaluating GPS Signal Authentication Techniques,” Proc. ION GNSS, Nashville, TN, 2012.
Known User ListAs of July 2020, over 130 users have downloaded TEXBAT. The below list of users is made public to facilitate collaboration between interested parties and to document the proliferation of TEXBAT.
- European Commission
- University of Calgary, Position, Location, and Navigation Group
- Stanford University, GPS Lab
- University of New South Wales
- Dr. Bruno Sinopoli’s research group at Carnegie Mellon University
- Logan Scott Consulting
- NovAtel Inc.
- Aerospace Corp
- URS Corporation, Systems Engineering & Information Solutions Group
- Purdue AAE 575: Introduction to Satellite Navigation and Positioning (taught by Prof. James Garrison)
- Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory
- Vahid Dehghanian at Mount Royal University, Calgary, Canada
- NavSAS group at Istituto Superiore Mario Boella and Politecnico di Torino
- NAVIS Centre, Hanoi University of Science and Technology
- Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT)
- U.S. Air Force
- Texas A&M University
- Booz Allen Hamilton Engineering Services
- University of Cincinnati
- Coherent Navigation
- Lockheed Martin
- University of Texas at San Antonio